Limestone Juramarmor

India

Main grandstand of Zeppelin Field – facade and steps made of Jura limestone, built 1937.

Year designation

2024

Lithology

Limestone, Biopelmicrite

Aesthetics

Yellow light brownish and greyish-blue, fine-grained with fossils like sponges, algal crusts and ammonites

Geological settings

Mesozoic – Upper Jurassic – Kimmeridgian; Treuchtlingen Formation

Location

Altmühl valley, Southern Fränkische Alb, Bavaria, Germany

Main grandstand of Zeppelin Field – facade and steps made of Jura limestone, built 1937.

The most popular interior decoration stone

Juramarmor has probably been used since the Romans, witnesses to which are the Roman thermal baths, the Roman fort and the Limes near Weißenburg. The Willibaldsburg in Eichstätt in the middle of the 14th century provides evidence of quarrying on a larger scale, as does the Pappenheim altar in Eichstätt Cathedral in 1495.
Juramarmor was transported on the Danube and was used for representative buildings like the Walhalla (1842) near Regensburg, one of the most important German national monuments. The Juramarmor is the most used and most popular natural stone in Germany during the last 60 years for interior decoration. Felt it is used in almost every second public and many private buildings throughout Germany for many decades for flooring, staircases, as window sills and sometimes as façade cladding. One of the youngest examples is the flooring of the Berlin International Airport in 2012. There are also few but famous sculptured pieces. One very famous example of relief art made of Juramarmor is the Pappenheim Altar (1489) in Eichstätt Cathedral. At the cemeteries, especially within the mining region but also all over Bavaria many gravestones, partly with relief art were made of this stone.

Portal with sculptures, residential building in Munich around 1900.

Walhalla (1842) – A national German monument near Regensburg.

Koch, R. & Ritter-Höll, A. (2022): Jurassic Limestones: Solnhofen Limestone (Solnhofener Plattenkalk) and Treuchtlingen Limestone (Treuchtlinger Kalkstein).- In: Ehling, A., Häfner, F. & Siedel, H. (Eds.) Natural Stone and World Heritage: UNESCO Sites in Germany; CRC Press.

Dr. Angela Ehling.

Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Wilhelmstr. 25-30, 13593 Berlin, Germany

angela.ehling@bgr.de

 

Anette Ritter-Hoell

anette@ritterstone.com